January 4, 2013

January 4 – Acts 1:13

The fourth and final list deletes the name of Judas Iscariot. When this list was compiled, Judas Iscariot was dead by his own hand. Scholars have offered some interesting interpretations when putting these lists side by side. The twelve are grouped in three groups of four names. Group 1 is Peter, Andrew, James, and John. Group 2 is Philip Bartholomew (also called Nathanael), Matthew, and Thomas. Group 3 is James the Lesser, Judas not Iscariot (also called Lebbaeus and Thaddeus), Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot. The names at the head of each group seem to have been the leaders (Peter, Philip, and James the Lessor). These groups appear in descending order based on their level of relationship with Jesus. Of all twelve, based upon their mention in the New Testament, Peter, James, and John form an even closer group around Jesus.